International Child Abduction Remedies Act ( Icara ) and Hague Convention Text Links
In international child abduction cases, the U.S. has a law to address the remedies available. It is called the INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION REMEDIES ACT. It was enacted in 1988 to act in concert with the HAGUE CONVENTION OF THE CIVIL ASPECTS OF INTERNATIONAL CHILD ABDUCTION, which is an international treaty to which the United States of America is a signatory.
Originally the HAGUE CONVENTION was enacted because it was thought that fathers would be abducting their children and removing them to a foreign country. What has proven to be the case, is that in the majority of cases (over 50% of the time) it is mothers who move to a foreign country, get pregnant and then want to return to THEIR home country to raise the child.